Rohilla Mohalla : A Social Design Project

Understanding Rampur - One of India's 725 District Headquarter Towns

Rampur Scenario

Date :2019-06-17

In Rampur district out of total population, 737,261 were engaged in work activities. 76.5% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 23.5% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 737,261 workers engaged in Main Work, 187,684 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 150,810 were Agricultural labourer -

   Male          Female        
Main Workers564,266502,12462,142
Agriculture Labourer150,810137,84012,970
Household Industries33,85322,20811,645
Other Workers191,919165,49626,423
Marginal Workers172,995107,56965,426
Non Working1,598,558614,196984,362

Rampur town is a rare place in India which has moved from a majority formal (Industrial) employment structure in the 1950s to an informal (Handicraft) employment structure today. Apart from the district headquarter state & central government jobs, Rampur town is nearly 70% handicraft employment dependent. This too is mainly embroidery skills (Zardozi & Applique work). Rampur distilleries (Khaitan group) & Qureshi Meat exports are two of the larger private sector employers but most of their jobs are informal/ temporary jobs. 

A study on employment demographics in Rampur - Rampur Employment Scenario

India Scenario

Date :2019-06-17

There is no proper means of measuring employment data in India. Successive Planning Commissions have used it as an adjustment figure in their economic models, to report approximations. The only committee ever to undertake a survey of "Informal"employment in India, 5 years back ( Sengupta Committee) had highlighted that off India's near half billion workers ( 480 mn+ ), just 34.5 million were "formal" employed i.e. had a contract defining wages, place, time of work & a tenor exceeding 75 days. Off the 34.5 million formal jobs in India, 22 mn were in the government ( state/central) & a mere 12.5 mn was the contribution of the private sector (including 3 mn contributed by BPO/IT in the past 20 years). No government (Central or State) is working on trying to shift the "Informal" to " formal" employment in India, even as 13 million new workers join the workforce, every year. The biggest cause of angst in the booming Indian cities is this " Informal" employment. Its what separates "the haves" from the "have nots". Not caste. Not religion. Not knowing English language. Not child vs adult workers. Not women vs men workers. This Informal vs Formal is the real apartheid. 

A snapshot of the Informal sector here in this summary - India Employment Scenario

India Informal Sector - click here

Global Scenario

Date :2019-06-17

The Annual ILO ( International Labour Orgainzation) survey on Global employment provides us a benchmark between high-wage & low-wage countries. That apart, a one-time landmark 2005 global survey ( World Bank & McKinsey partnership) documents the types of work which can be outsourced & those which can be offshored, by country. This is still relevant for economies such as India, which saw significant upsides for a few years, thanks to offshore outsourcing of jobs to it.

ILO Annual 2018 Survey - click here

Global Offshore/Outsourcing & Skills Study - click here